Speaker: Kevin Kalomeni
Ruling through Technology: The Contestation of Crypto Systems
Over the last decade, the development of digital technologies have transformed the global economy in many unprecedented ways. More than simply allowing the development of new products and services, as it is too often assumed, the digitization of the economy gave new actors the ability to increasingly challenge pre-established market players and structures. The emergence of tech giants, like Google, Amazon, Facebook and Apple (i.e. the GAFA), as world’s top companies by market value, exemplifies this. They however represent the less disruptive side of this trend as they actually do not aim to replace current market structures. At the opposite, crypto services, like Bitcoin and Ethereum, precisely aim to do this and thus represent a more fundamental challenge to our modern economic systems. In this paper, we start from this observation to argue that, through their respective technology, big tech and crypto companies try to regulate the economy differently. Using a neo-gramscian framework of analysis, we more precisely show how political values can be integrated into new technologies to build lasting economic structures. We do this through a careful comparative analysis of Ethereum and Amazon Web Services.
Conférencier : David Leblang, PhD., Professor of Political Science, University of Virginia
Abstract: Controlling immigration has become a central political goal in most advanced democracies. Policymakers
have attempted to leverage international economic flows – notably aid and trade – hoping that it will spur economic development in migrant origin countries and, by consequence, decrease subsequent demand for entry. We argue instead that policymakers in destination countries can manage the demand for migrant inflows by promoting policies that grant or enhance formal labor market access to those who have already emigrated from developing countries.
Labor market access-enhancing policies increase remittances to migrant origin countries, raising consumption and reducing the propensity for other household members to migrate. We investigate one such labor market migration policy in the US: the provision of Temporary Protected Status (TPS) to immigrants residing in the United States. We find that TPS increases remittances to countries whose migrants are eligible and decreases both legal and illegal immigration to the US in the process.
This conference will be held in English.
A light lunch will be served.
CISITI is pleased to support the Center for Inter-American Studies and invites professors and students to a meeting to exchange informally with the Ambassador of Chile, H. E. Marisio Cugat.
Ambassador Cugat is an economist who graduated from the University of Concepcion and a graduate of the Diplomatic Academy of Chile. He served at the Embassy of Chile in Peru and as Consul General in Lima. He also served at the Chilean Embassy in the United States, being in charge of relations with the House of Representatives during the negotiation process of the Chile-US Free Trade Agreement. He previously held other diplomatic posts in Uruguay and Yugoslavia and served in the Chilean Government's Ministry of Foreign Affairs where he has shared his expertise on economic issues. He has been Chile's Ambassador to Canada since June 15, 2016.
What is the true nature of the new United States, Mexico, Canada Agreement (USMCA)? Does it justify the tactics employed by the US Administration?
Second round table where our experts will present you their reading of the USMCA in the light of the texts made public and will enable you to better understand key aspects of the agreement which will govern henceforth the most extensive commercial relation of the planet.
Animation: Louis Bélanger, Professor, Director of the Advanced International Studies Institute (HEI), Laval University
"Pharmaceutical industry and drugs in the AÉUMC"
"NAFTA 2.0: an innovation or a setback for environmental protection? "
"Why a Clause 32.10 in the USMCA? "
Michèle Rioux, Professor, Department of Political Science, University of Quebec at Montreal, Director of the Center for Studies on Integration and Globalization;
"Inclusion and progress, all agreements are not equal! "
What is the true nature of the new United States, Mexico, Canada Agreement (USMCA)? Does it justify the tactics employed by the US Administration?
Join us for the first of two round tables where our experts will present their reading of the USMCA in the light of the published texts and will enable you to better understand key aspects of the agreement that will govern from now on the most extensive commercial relationship on the planet.
Animation: Louis Bélanger, Professor, Director of the Advanced International Studies Institute (HEI), Laval University
"Dispute Resolution in the USMCA: Breakdown and Continuity"
"From NAFTA to USMCA: was the panic wave justified? "
"The agricultural component of the USMCA: the expected and the surprising"
Speaker: Dr. Claire Peacock, defended her DPhil (PhD) in International Relations at the University of Oxford in May 2018. Claire's research focuses on understanding the rationales behind and the design and outcomes associated with international cooperation, ranging from regulatory cooperation to treaty making. Her dissertation research explored why states include labour and human rights regulation in international trade agreements. Claire's postdoctoral research looks at the design and consequences of withdrawal provisions in international environmental agreements. She is also working on a project that maps and assesses the structure of offshore networks.
Claire is also interested in the application of data science methods to international relations data and works in R and Python. She enjoys teaching IR students the fundamentals of working with data and about evidence-based decisionmaking and research.
Join us for an inside look into the ramifications of an international financial scheme that has eroded public confidence in the fairness of our tax system and institutions.
"With the release of the Panama Papers and associated leaks, it is possible for the first time to get large-scale insights into offshore financial arrangements. While previous research on the offshore world has provided important insights on the history and role of offshore arrangements in the global economy, we analyze offshore from a different angle. Using a sample of the Panama Papers data spanning 2004-2014, our research focuses on the role and network of financial intermediaries, a central group of actors in the offshore world. Intermediaries are the professionals that organize and administer offshore constructs. Using traditional regression tools paired with statistical network analysis, we study the determinants behind: 1) where intermediaries are based, 2) which offshore jurisdictions they form ties with, 3) and where the entities they create end up? We find that expected factors, such as the presence of tax treaties, being on the OECD tax haven list, levels of rule of law, and corruption, are significant predictors of where an intermediary is based. However, we show that ties between intermediaries and offshore jurisdictions and intermediaries and offshore “entities,” are instead primarily based on familiarity and established connections. This suggests that while offshore is often popularly viewed as relying on complex and quickly adapting schemes, in practice, intermediaries tend to rely on familiar, ready-made solutions."
Has Donald Trump's 2018 "trade war" precipitated Europe towards China? It may be so, looking at some of the positive results of the EU-China summit that took place in Beijing last July in climate, investment or global governance. Still, Europeans continue to deal with China in a disunited manner, between those willing to slow down the "offensive" and those attracted by China's cash. As for the United States, they can only live with Trump's unpredictable style, without an apparent strategy on how to deal with China's global rise, perhaps the biggest challenge of the 21st Century.
CISITI, "Les Rendez-vous de science politique" and the Groupe d'études et de recherche sur l'Asie contemporaine (GERAC) are pleased to present this luncheon conference to launch our season of talks on trade and related issues.
Philippe Le Corre is a China specialist, Senior Fellow at the Harvard Kennedy School and Research Associate at the Fairbank Center for Chinese Studies at Harvard. He is also a nonresident Senior Fellow at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace in Washington, and a former Counsellor to the French defense minister.
Note: A light lunch will be served compliments of les rendez-vous de science politique
Jean-Michel Marcoux is Postdoctoral fellow at McGill University Faculty of Law and a HEI Graduate.
His conference is titled « Embedding the International Investment Regime: An Assessment of UNCTAD’s Proposal for Reform ».
Amidst numerous calls for reform of international investment law, the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD) has become a multilateral forum deeply involved in seeking responses to address a growing unease regarding the
governance of foreign investment. Further to a focus on sustainable development policies and paths for reform of investor–state dispute settlement, UNCTAD’s efforts have culminated in a roadmap for reform. This presentation aims to explore the potential impact of this reform on the international investment regime. It argues that the reform proposed by UNCTAD reflects an unambiguous need to embed international investment law in social concerns, in line with the second part of a double movement between economic liberalism and social protection. Such a countermovement nevertheless remains weak, as the proposed reform appears to generally constitute a norm-governed change that is unlikely to shake the fundamental principles and norms underlying the international investment regime.
Organized in collaboration with Les Midis de science politique
N.B. : a light lunch will be served.
The Development of International and Value-Added activities for Local Firms: What rôle for the New Québec - Lévis Free Zone?
Organized by the Stephen-A.-Jarislowsky Chair in International Businessen and the Centre for Interdisciplinary Studies in International Trade and Investment (CISITI), in collaboration with Québec international, this one-day colloqium seeks to bring to light the potential of this new business tool as a means to promote exports and stimulate investments.
Beyond fiscal benefits, whart role can the Free Zone play in helping the technological progress of local firms? How will the zone succeed? Under what conditions will it meet its goals?
What are local firms expectations in terms of support from government (municipal, provincial and federal) and institutional players? ?
Several experts, from business and institutions concerned by the Zone, have been brought together to answer these questions and many more.
To register (free but mandatory), please click here.
For a detailed Programme, click here.
As we celebrate 50 years for the Ministry of International Relations (MRIF), CISITI is organizing a colloqium entitled Québec in the World Economy: from the Quiet Revolution to the Digital Revolution. This event will bring together specialists from different fields and will both take stock of the past and project us in the future. Stay tuned in the coming days for more exciting news on our program. In the meantime, see our draft programme below.
9:00 AM – Welcoming Remarks
9:15 AM – Opening Conference
« Making a Difference When and Where it Matters », Christian Dubé, Senior Vice-President, Québec, Caisse de dépôt et placement du Québec
10:00 AM - « Québec’s Economy: What has been Accomplished and the Road yet to Travel », Pierre Fortin, UQAM
10:25 AM « Quebec’s Role in the Lead-up to the North American Free Trade Agreement » (provisional title), Pierre Martin, University of Montréal
10:50 AM - « Quebec’s International Financing », Marc Vallières, Laval University
11:15 AM – Closing Conference
« Québec’s Economy in 2067: The Road Ahead » (speaker to be confirmed)
11h45 - A Final word - Representative of CISITI
This colloqium is presented with the support of Caisse de dépôt et placement du Québec.
This workshop, which will call upon scholars from different academic fields to work together and across their respective field, seeks to break new ground in research on international trade by borrowing concepts from evolutionary biology to study trade negotiations, shedding new lights on trade negotiations and their outcome. Heretofore, these have been analyzed from an atomist point of view, be it in the political processes leading to them, their legal content or their economic impact. But they are actually part of an ecosystem that encompasses them and goes beyond them. This ecosystem, structured along networks, provides linkages between the actors and different institutions that evolve and are in constant interaction with one another. And from this breeding ground emerge innovation, learning, and selection processes, in other words, adaptation. By establishing a metaphoric link between the theory of natural evolution and the dynamics within the trading system, this workshop will enable the articulation of a new interdisciplinary approach to the study of international trade.
Among issues to be broached: do interconnections (between States, between corporations, among norms, etc.) actually slow down innovation or does heterogeneity stimulate it? Does the trading system evolve in equilibrium (in its economic, legal and political relations) and can this systemic equilibrium only be altered by exogenous actions? What are the effects of disruptive innovations (ex. NAFTA, e-commerce, etc.) on the evolution of this ecosystem? What are the interactions between diversity and convergence (between or among economies, norms and the types of actors)? Does specialization in a niche (a particular type of agreements, a field, an industry, a mechanism, etc.) promote short-term gains at the expense of resilience over time?
Zakaria Sorgho is currently working as Research Fellow at HEC-Liège of University of Liège (Belgium). He is also a member of CISITI. Before joining the HEC-Liège, he taught as Lecturer at the Department of Economics (Laval University, Canada) in 2015/2016. Previoursy, he worked as a Scientific Collaborator with the Canada Research Chair in International Agri-Food Trade at the Department of Agricultural Economics and Consumer Sciences (Laval University) and as a Postdoctoral Researcher at the Center for Research on the Economics of the Environment, Agri-food, Transports and Energy.
Title: "Assessing the Impact of Unilateral Trade Policies EBA and AGOA on African Beneficiaries’ Exports".
Abstract: Since the 1970s the industrialized countries including US and EU can grant preferential and nonreciprocal access to their markets to developing countries. This conference will investigate whether two trade policy concessions - AGOA (from US) and EBA (from EU)- have affected – and in what magnitude comparatively – the beneficiary countries’ exports from Africa. Using a gravity data by product-exports from 52 African countries over the period 1996-2015, we evaluate the impact of these unilateral trade preferences on eligible African countries’ exports. The gravity modeling is empirical workhorse in international trade to study the ex-post effects of trade policies on bilateral trade. However the econometric specification and the policy measurement choices can affect the goal to obtain accurate estimates of the coefficient associated with bilateral trade policies. In order to assess the real trade impact of the both unilateral trade policies AGOA and EBA, we control for the endodeneity of policy critique and the potential heterogeneity across both agreements and products/countries by using step-by-step a matching method combined with the difference-in-differences (DID) estimation. The main results show that both unilateral preferences AGOA and EBA highly have a positive impact on beneficiary countries’ exports to NRPTA’s (non-reciprocal preferential trade arrangements???) providers, even if EBA is comparatively more beneficial in terms of trade-impact on beneficiaries than AGOA. Nonetheless, the results reveal an “erosion of preferences” on African trade due to multiplication of preferential agreements (from new partners such as China, India or Russia) toward African countries. Moreover, the non-economic factors like the political stability and the respect of freedom of expression are significant determinants in the country eligibility for AGOA and EBA. Our findings are of high relevance for both academics and policy makers in the debate on trade and development.
This conference is proposed as part of the luncheon series "Midi séminaires en économie agroalimentaire et sciences de la consommation".
The Speaker will be Mr. Mankan M. Koné, Ph.D student at Laval University. All are welcome!
Face with the wholly-different environment created by the new American Administration which plows ahead and follows-up on its campaign promises, CISITI with the support the support of the Centre for Interamerican Studies (Centre d’études interaméricaines) proposes a rountable titled "Trump, NAFTA and the Future of Canada--Mexico-United States Relations: What's Ahead?" See our poster (in French only).
The spectacular entry of President Trump on the political scene forces us to reassess old thinking about a number of issues. at the top of his agenda is NAFTA. Most concerned are America's neighbors and its main trade partners. What will happen? Will there be a NAFTA 2.0 or will old trade patterns come undone? Faced with this political tsunami, what are the options for Mexico and Canada?
The round table will be chaired by Marie-Hélène Gagnon, Associate Professor of Finance, Laval University Business School , Department of Finance, Insurance and Real Estate, Member of HEI and CISITI.
Four experts from Laval University and Mexico will take different tacks looking at this issue:
"Something is happening to global trade regulations" (Hafner-Burton, 2009). Increasingly non-trade issues (civil and political rights, economic and social rights, environmental and security issues) are incorporated in preferential trade agreements. What are the causes and consequences of these norms? Lisa Lechner discusses diffusion of non-trade issues as being the second choice in the policy adoption process. Domestic groups, however, play a significant role in shaping the design of non-trade issues in trade agreements. Not least due to the reason that environmental and social standards in preferential trade agreements impact decisions made by business and politicians the varying institutional designs of such norms matter.
Note: A light lunch will be served .
Lisa Lechner is a PhD Fellow and Researcher in International Politics in the Department of Political Science and Sociology at the University of Salzburg. Between 2005 and 2013 she studied International Economics (Mag.rer.soc.oec.) and Political Science (Bakk.) at the Leopold Franzens University of Innsbruck and the Audencia Nantes - École de Management, Frankreich. Her Diploma Thesis Effects of European Integration on FDI: The Central and Eastern European Countries was nominated for the Graf Chotek Price. The research interest is located in the area of political economy - focus on Preferential Trade Agreements and its quantitative analysis.
This event is organized in cooperation with the Canada Research Chair in Internaitonal Political Economy,
Speaker: madame Louise Dangy is veterinary and civil servant with France's Ministry of Agriculture. She is currently completing a PhD in Political Science at the Institut d'Etudes Politiques de Lyon (France).
Following diverse mandates for the French government with different international organizations (WTO, Codex Alimentarius), she is now seeking a better understanding of the role played by multilateral institutions in the regulation of international trade in agricultural products and foodstuffs.
Louise Dangy is currently visiting and doing research at Université Laval.
Note: This luncheon conference is presented with the support of the Canada Research Chair in Internaitonal Political Economy.
Summary of the conférence (which will be in French):
"En 1995, les membres du Codex alimentarius, programme de normalisation des Nations Unies, adoptent par vote des normes controversées qui permettent les échanges à l'échelle mondiale de viandes issues d'animaux traités aux hormones. Quelques mois plus tard, les États-Unis et le Canada attaquent devant l'OMC l'Union européenne, qui refuse la commercialisation de "boeuf aux hormones" sur son marché. Ces deux événements, entre controverse scientifique et polémique sur les préférences des consommateurs, contribuent à façonner les institutions de régulation du commerce mondial des denrées alimentaires."
As Canada and China have launched discussions towards a free trade agreement in the wake of Prime Minister Trudeau's September 2016 mission to China, CISITI is pleased to host Dan Ciuriak, a Senior Economist with expertise on this very topic.
This luncheon conference is presented in cooperation with: Groupe d'études et de recherche sur l'Asie contemporaine (Study and Research Group on Contemporary Asia)
Canada has mounted a full-spectrum policy offensive to reverse Canada’s sagging trade fortunes. There remains, however, a China-sized hole in Canada’s trade policy. Prime Minister Trudeau’s 2016 visit to China was another step in the pas-de-deux being performed by the two countries as they circle in on a Canada-China free trade agreement. Dan Ciuriak, in his presentation of the study “Chasing China: Why an economic agreement with China is necessary for Canada’s continued prosperity”, discusses the economics of such an agreement, the broader policy significance of Canada taking that step, and the geopolitical challenges that Canada will have to finesse to clinch the deal.
Dan Ciuriak is Director and Principal, Ciuriak Consulting Inc. (Ottawa), Senior Fellow with the Centre for International Governance Innovation (Waterloo), Fellow in Residence with the C.D. Howe Institute (Toronto), and Associate with BKP Development Research & Consulting GmbH (Munich). His professional practice covers international trade, finance, industrial policy, and economic development. He has published widely as author and editor, within government and in a personal capacity; commented in the media; and spoken at many academic, business and official venues. He concluded a 31-year career with the federal public service in 2008 as Deputy Chief Economist at the Department of Foreign Affairs and International Trade (DFAIT). Prior positions include deputy to the Chair of the APEC Economic Committee (1994-1998), Finance Counsellor at Canada's Embassy in Germany (1990-1994), and Chief, Financial Institutions, and Project Director, Financial Institutions Reform with Canada’s Finance Department (1982-1990).
CISITI is pleased to cooperate with the Department of Agriculture and Food Sciences to present five Luncheon Seminars on topics closely associated with international trade in agricultural products and agri-foods.
Thse seminars will be held between October 20, 2016 and January 26, 2017:
Thursday October 20, 2016
Carl Gaigné (Researcher, INERA, Rennes, France)
Export decision under risk
Thursday October, 27, 2016
Amevi R. Kouwoaye (Ph.D. Candidate, Laval University)
The link between GATT/WTO membership and poverty: the case of developing countries
Thursday, November 10, 2016
W. Jean-Baptiste Zongo (Ph.D. Candidate, Laval University)
On the factors influencing exports duration on the agricultural and agrifood markets and the tariff paradox
Thursday, November 24, 2016
Mankan M. Koné (Ph.D. Candidate, Laval University)
Multinational investments in food industry and input volatility
Thursday, January 26, 2017
W. Jean-Baptiste Zongo (Ph.D. Candidate, Laval University)
Agricultural trade creation, diversion and deflection
CISITI is honored to host a luncheon conference by Dr. Ken Abbott, a scholar with a global reputation for innovative research in law, political science and environmental governance.
His lecture will center around the analytical approach followed in his seminal article titled “Organizational Ecology and Institutional Change in Global Governance”.
To help us better understand this important issue, CISITI is pleased to host a cultural exception specialist : Véronique Guèvremont, Professor and Vice Dean, Advanced Studies and Research, Director of Graduate Programs, Law Faculty, at Laval University. Mrs. Guèvremont will make a presentation titled "L’exemption culturelle canadienne dans le partenariat transpacifique ou la destinée d’une peau de chagrin".
The TPP is a significant step in the evolution of the relationship between trade and culture in the trade agreements signed by Canada. The general cultural exemption, included as part of a dozen such agrements negotiated between 1988 and 2015, is now, in effect, abandonned in favor of a new approach, both fragmented and patchy. On the one hand, this approach opens the door to legal challenge of currently existing cultural policies. On the other, at a time when Québec and Canada seek to find new ways to protect and promote cultural diversity in the digital era within the UNESCO framework, the TPP is actively working in the opposite direction. Indeed, even though some of the reservations expressed by Canada may protect some of the regulatory powers of Canada and Québec in the field of culture, this protection is considerably reduced when it comes to the revision of existing policies or the adoption of new ones more in line with our new digital environment. The future of many cultural industries being effectively tied to the digital world, the "Canadian cultural exemption" within the TPP, inasmuch as there is one, may prove to be, in the final analysis, an increasingly elusive one as this sector of our economy continues to evolve in the years ahead.
As the number of Preferential Trade Arrangements (PTAs) is constantly increasing and as Canada is party to major agrements such as the TPP and the CETA, it is interesting to look at the effect of this kind of regional trade agreements on firms and see which type of firms stand to benefit from these new trade agreements. CISITI is pleased to host a scholar who has recently studied these issues.
Title: The Distributional Consequences of Preferential Trade Liberalization: Firm-Level Evidence
Speaker: Leonardo Baccini, McGill University
Abstract: The past few decades of international economic relations have been characterized by tariff reductions offered on a discriminatory, or preferential, basis. Concurrently, supply chains have gone global: to lower costs, the most competitive firms conduct different stages of the production process in different countries. We contend that these two historic transformations in the global economy are deeply interconnected. Specifically, this paper argues that lower preferential tariffs increase trade among the largest and most productive firms. We test our argument using firm-level data covering the near universe of U.S. foreign direct investment as well as disaggregated tariff data from preferential trade agreements signed by the United States. We find that preferential tariffs reallocate economic gains to the most competitive firms, leading to sharp increases in market concentration in partner countries. The primary beneficiaries of the recent wave of preferential liberalization are a small number of the largest and most productive firms.
The Trans-Pacific Partnership will have a major impact on Québec's economy and business environment. What will be its impact on Small and Medium-sized firms? And what about its impact on export-oriented firms? What are the strong points and shortcomings of the TPP?
CISITI is pleased to host a panel and business-luncheon devoted to these issues. The keynote speaker will be Mr. Jean Charest, former Premier of Québec, now Partner with the law offices of McCarthy Tétrault's in Montréal where, among others, he pratices International Trade and Investment Law.
It is important to remember that Mr. Charest, one of the early advocate of CETA, continues to promote business, trade and investment in the Asia-Pacific region.
His keynote address will follow a panel discussion on the TPP and its impact on various stakeholders from the point of view of Québec's firms. This panel will have Mrs, Claire Citeau, Executive Director, Canadian Agri-Food Trade Alliance (CAFTA) as Moderator. It will feature Mr. Éric Tétrault, President of Quebec Manufacturers and Exporters (Manufacturiers et Exportateurs du Québec), Mr. Yanick Godbout, Director of DPME International (an association of export-oriented SMB firms) and President of Commerce international Québec, Mr. John Curtis, a well-known Economist, expert on trade issues as they pertain to the Asia-Pacific Region, formerly with external Affairs Canada and CIGI and now with the C.D. Howe Institute and Mr. Yan Cimon, Professor, Management Department, Laval Univserity..
PREFERENTIAL HOTEL RATE
For those travelling from outside Québec City, you may wish to avail yourselves our special hotel rate for the March 9 event. You can book your room directly by clicking on one of the following links: Réservation Hôtel le Concorde or http://search.iqrez.com/reservations/HotelConcordeQuebec/search/21209.
To get our preferential rate, you must use the following code: GOUVQC1617 and write it in the appropriate box (upper right).
Gold Partner; Gouvernement du Québec
Gold Partner: Caisse de dépôt et placement du Québec
Silver Partner : Export Development Canada
The Comprehensive Economic and Trade Agreement (CETA) and the Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP) include clauses that affect directly the Canadian supply management system. In this context, what does the future hold for supply management? Is this system still necessary and is it viable in the long term given these recent trade agreements and the WTO rules?
CISITI, in cooperation with Laval University's Chaire d’analyse de la politique agricole et de la mise en marché collective, is pleased to propose a mini-debate : "Supply Management: the Last Sacred Cow of International Trade Negotiations?" (La gestion de l'offre: dernière vache sacrée des négociations commerciales internationales?). Note: This activity will be held in French.
Experts from academia and industry will focus on the issues raised, for Québec and Canada, by the openings that have been made into the supply management system, dating back to the 1970s, by the RTAs (Regional Trade Agreements) recently signed by the Canadian Government.
As the Trans-Pacific Partnership brings many new issues to the fore and, according to many trade experts, may be poised to succeed NAFTA, CISITI is pleased, in association with Laval University's Political Science Department's "Midis de science politique", to begin the winter season's "Midi-Conférence" series by hosting Michèle Rioux, professor at Université du Québec à Montréal. She will make a presentation titled "Au-delà de l'ALENA à trois: l'impact des chaînes de valeur mondiales sur un accord de commerce" (Beyond NAFTA: the Impact of Global Value Chains on a Trade Agreement" (non official translation). A most prolific academic author, Prof. Rioux is particularly interested by globalization issues, international trade and NAFTA in particular. She is also the Director of the Centre d’études sur l’intégration et la mondialisation (CEIM)."
Beyond NAFTA: the Impact of Global Value Chains on a Trade Agreement (unofficial translation)
"This article shows how the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) is significantly affected by the redeployment of transpacific specialized value chains and production networks. More specifically, our study looks at the repositioning of NAFTA partners with new transnational production networks which point to the need for new trading schemes redeploying regional strategies on the transpacific axis. We used the ICT sector as an empirical case showing how China had become a key partner for the three NAFTA partners. This suggests changes in the process of regional economic integration/disintegration. Yet, a closer look at the global value chain of Apple indicates that US enterprises play a pivotal role in this transformation. Our findings point to the fact that the regional integration is significantly affected by emerging transpacific production networks linking the NAFTA regional trade pact to a new transpacific economic space. This can help explain the importance for the three countries to negotiate transpacific trade agreements like the Transpacific Trade Partnership which can be viewed as a de facto renegotiation of NAFTA, 20 years after its emergence as a regional trading model."
Adapted from Rioux, M., Ares, M. and Huang, P. (2015) Beyond NAFTA with Three Countries: The Impact of Global Value Chains on an Outdated Trade Agreement. Open Journal of Political Science, 5, 264-276. doi: 10.4236/ojps.2015.54028.
The Roundtable is part of the series of local consultations by the Minister of International Trade, Chrystia Freeland, and Parliamentary Secretary, David Lametti, with provincial leaders, local industry representatives, subject matter experts and members of the public on the Trans-Pacific Partnership and on international trade.
Several members of HEI and CISITI will participate in this "conversation".
Though open to the public, seating is limited and observers will be admitted on a first-come basis.
CISITI is pleased to support the "Midi de science politique", the EDS Institute, the "Chaire de recherche sur la démocratie et les institutions parlementaires", the "Centre d'analyses sur les politiques publiques" and the GRCP, to sponsor a lunchtime conference by Pr. Daniel Compagnon, from the University of Bordeaux.
Daniel Compagnon teaches Political Science at the IEP in Bordeaux since 2000. he is also a researcher at the Centre Émile Durkheim UMR CNRS 5116 and member of the Management Committee of Action COST IS1309 “Innovations in Climate Governance: Sources, Patterns and Effects (INOGOV)"; currently, he is involved in a ANR CIRCULEX project, studying the interface between the current regime against climate change and the international civil aviation regime.
Private firms are at the heart of the current global economic capitalist system, using carbon energy on a massive scale, and, as such, are an ideal culprit for the climate crisis. They get fingers pointed at them for their lobbying efforts with Nation-States and for their attemps to influence international negotiations held since 1992 under the framework of the UN's Climate Change Convention. They provoke strong feelings and their mitigation initiatives are often perceived as hypocritical, the so-called greenwashing.
Yet, several factors should cause us to reassess the role played by private firms:
- the problems faced by Nation-States in trying to implement ambitious and restrictive green house gases emission reductions (witness the ups and downs of the COP21);
- the multisectoral and multiscalar dimensions of the policies required;
- the willingness, on the part of most multinational firms managers, for various reasons, to play an active role in the fight against climate change.
So it is appropriate to seek to better understand their motivations (by using the results of research that we are currently conducting on international aviation) and which form their involvement takes. Ultimately, we are seeking to evaluate the nature of the contribution made by private firms as actors in the ecological transition, without, of course, giving them a blank check.
N.B. A light lunch will be served.
CISITI's "Midis-conférences" and "Midis de science politique" of Laval University's Political Science Department jointly present “Whose voice counts in the regulation of fracking and smoking? The interplay of science, expertise and emotions in European policy debates”.
Speaker: Jacob Hasselbalch, is an Erasmus Mundus Doctoral Fellow on a joint degree program at the University of Warwick and l’Université libre de Bruxelles. His dissertation aims at unpacking the political economy of disruptive innovations. His research is interdisciplinary in theories and methods and spans the boundaries of international political economy, economic sociology and transnational regulation. He began the dissertation in 2013 after completing his studies at Copenhagen Business School.
Abstract: “In this presentation, I seek to demonstrate how, why and when first impressions matter in framing contests. I conceptualize this by focusing on the course of initial framing contests and investigating the ways that first-mover advantages get translated into lasting impacts. The dynamics under scrutiny are especially evident in regulatory debates over disruptive innovations, such as hydraulic fracturing (fracking) and electronic cigarettes. By disruptive, I mean to emphasize not only the substantial technical and material differences of the technologies, but in particular the extent to which they challenge the foundations of their social embeddedness, in other words, the expectations, norms and institutions associated with their use. Regulatory debates concerning these technologies are therefore characterized by intense framing contests as participants scramble to make sense of what the innovations mean and what they represent. Drawing on interviews with key policy actors and secondary document analysis, I show how the outcomes of initial framing contests in the European Union’s recent regulatory debates over these issues had a lasting impact on the policy process, which resulted in some interpretations and actors being favoured over others. Specifically, this occurs when frames cause initial expectations to be institutionalized and subsequently understood as normal in further runs of social activity. The cases vary in the degree to which initial framing contests were exposed to the wider public. While the e-cigarette debate initially took place among like-minded and similarly trained public health officials, the fracking debate was very public and controversial from the beginning. This led to differences in how first impressions mattered in each case.”
Note: A light lunch will be served.
The Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP) will have deep and enduring repercussions on our trading environment. What are the prospects for ratification and what will be its impact on Québec and Canada? Several CISITI scholars will provide you with an interdisciplinary look at these issues and others related to this accord.
NOTE: This event will be held in French.
A first for the CISITI! This week's roundtable will be broadcast in webinar format; just go to the website French home page or click here. Broadcast will start at 11: 30.
Note: this event will be held in French.
We are pleased to host James R. Vreeland, Professor of International Relations in the Edmund A. Walsh School of Foreign Service, Georgetown University, following an invitation from Prof. Érick Duchesne, a member of CISITI. Prof. Vreeland's conference will discuss the relation between Economic Transparency and Political Stability.
Jim Vreeland is an expert on globalization and the role of international financial institutions such as the IMF. He has published a wide array of scientific articles in various journals while holding, throughout his career, affiliations with around ten universities spread over five continents.
Kerem Öge, from McGill University, a member of HEI, also an expert on transparency and the geopolitics of energy, who recently authored an article on the subject in Eurasian Geography and Economics, will comment on Prof. Vreeland's presentation and open up the Q & A session.
Economic Transparency and Political Stability - Abstract
Transparency endures as a mantra for policy-makers concerned with improving life in the developing world. But what does transparency really mean? And what are its economic and political consequences? This book project examines a specific facet of transparency: the dissemination of economic data. Vital for efficient investment decisions, data-availability varies tremendously. Perhaps not surprisingly, democracies – even poor ones – make economic data more available than do autocracies of a similar level of development. They have good reason. Transparency attracts foreign investment and makes democracies more resilient to breakdowns. The calculus for autocrats is different. Autocracies that make economic data more available attract foreign investment but at the cost of stability: Mass-unrest becomes more likely. Sometimes a democratic transition results, but other times unrest simply brings about a new despotic regime. In still other cases, autocrats use the threat of mass-unrest to unify the ruling elite. Policy-makers recognize the trade-offs: Gains in investment may not always be worth enhancing the threat of mass-unrest.
This conference has been organized by CISITI which is pleased to acknowledge the support of the Department of Politcal Science, Laval University.
The CISITI is pleased to support the colloquium WTO at 20: Critical Perspectives on an Evolving Legal System ("Vingt ans de droit de l'OMC : Regards critiques sur un système en constante évolution ") organized by Laval University's Centre de droit international et transnational (CDIT) .
Several prestigious speakers from Canada, Québec, the United States and Europe have been confirmed (Olivier Blin, Robert Brookfield, Dominique Carreau, Charles-Emmanuel Côté, Germain Denis, Loïc Grard, Véronique Guèvremont, Gabrielle Marceau, Petros Mavroidis, Donald McRae, Jean-Frédéric Morin, Richard Ouellet, Geneviève Parent, Joost Pauwelyn, Pierre Pettigrew, Hervé Prince, Hélène Ruiz Fabri, Sonia Rolland, Giorgio Sacerdoti, Pierre Sauvé, Debra Steger, Vincent Tomkiewicz et Baptiste Tranchant).
Note: simultaneous translation will be provided.
Title: « Conventional Investor-State Dispute Settlement: All Upside Down! ». This mode of dispute resolution is at the heart of the opposition to recent free trade agreements. What is at stake?
More detailed description to follow.
Speaker: Madame Céline Lévesque, Dean, Civil Law Section, University of Ottawa
This conference will focus on international rules and how WTO treating-making can be made less subject to abuse through escape clauses.
This conference will specifically address how WTO members deal with what has been called the institution’s “architectural challenge” and how the benefits of flexibility, whereby countries are allowed to temporarily break the rules when faced with hard times, can be attained while, at the same time, curbing its abuse?
Speaker: Professor Krzysztof J. Pelc is William Dawson Scholar and Associate Professor in the Department of Political Science at McGill University. He is currently completing a book manuscript, entitled "Making and Bending International Rules: The Design of Exceptions and Escape Clauses in Trade Law", that brings together some of the main points of his research agenda.
Prof. Pelc work has appeared in International Organization, the American Political Science Review, World Politics, the International Studies Quarterly, the World Trade Review, the British Journal of Political Science, the Journal of International Economic Law, and the Journal of Conflict Resolution, among others, and is supported by multiple grants from SSHRC and the FQRSC.
This conference is presented by the Centre for Interdisciplinary Studies in International Trade and Investment (CISITI)
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An international colloquium is organized to celebrate 20 years since the creation of the Institute for Advanced International Studies (HEI).
This colloquium is organized by Groupe d'études et de recherches sur l'Asie contemporaine (GÉRAC) and Centre d'études pluridisciplinaires en commerce et investissement internationaux (CEPCI), in collaboration with Centre québécois d'études de géopolitique (CQEG).
What is at issue?
The East and South China Seas are among some of the most strategic waterways on the planet. Beyond the oil, gas and fisheries resources that they harbor, these waters are at the crossroads of the political and strategic interests of the three largest economic powers in the world. Based on different legal and historical arguments and supported by shifting political and military alliances, as well as differing interpretations of the economic interests at stake, the territorial claims of the several countries in the region are challenging the status quo and may, potentially, create a crisis situation that could threaten regional peace and even that of the world.
What interpretations can be given to the current disputes from an international law perspective? Is it too late for a dispute resolution approach, based on legal arguments, to weigh on the conflict at hand? Has the political dispute settlement mechanism, adopted by the ASEAN countries in the 1990’s, out ran its usefulness? Will one or the other of these two maritime zones be the center of a conflict between China and the USA, directly or through proxies, or between either of the parties having laid conflicting territorial claims? What factors may spur a peaceful settlement of the disputes? What are the political or military options available to the countries involved?
The objective of this colloquium is to outline the several legal, geopolitical, economic and strategic aspects of a conflict, though largely ignored in this part of the world, concerns, not only the countries contiguous to the maritime zones involved but, the whole world because of its incipient threat to regional and global peace.
Activité présentée par le Centre d'études pluridisciplinaires en commerce et investissement internationaux (CEPCI).
Résumé : La perte de compétitivité et le déclin industriel des pays « développés » face à la concurrence des pays à bas coûts sont une réalité en Amérique du nord comme en Europe. Une lecture scolaire de la théorie des avantages comparatifs suggère que les pays devraient se spécialiser dans des industries différentes selon leurs technologies et leurs coûts de production.
Dans ce contexte, la possibilité d’une spécialisation des pays, au sein des industries dans différents segments de marché, dans la production de biens haut de gamme, serait une réponse possible et soutenable face à la concurrence des pays à bas coûts. Cette spécialisation aurait des conséquences pour le marché du travail au sein des pays développés.
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